This article is from the WSSF 2006 AFRMA Rat & Mouse Tales news-magazine.
By Cathleen Schneider-Russell
Many people have used nebulizers over the years and since September 2002, there have been some changes in medication dosages currently being used for the nebulizing treatments of rats that are infected with respiratory viruses. Having had an 18 year medical career with 13 of those years as an animal health technician, I want to make sure that these medications are used correctly. And, most importantly, that rat guardians be aware of the side affects for themselves and their little rattie loves.
There are several drugs currently being used for the nebulizing treatments. The most popular are:
|1.||Baytril injectable for dogs||2.27%|
|2.||Gentamicin/Gentocin injectable||100 mg/ml|
|Special note: Baytril must not be given with
Aminophylline in any form!
|The standard dose, using a tuberculin syringe:
(Mixed into the nebulizer cup)
|1.||Baytril||use 0.5ml/cc per 1.0
ml/cc of 0.9% sodium
chloride (saline) solution
|2.||Gentamicin/Gentocin||0.4ml/cc per 2.0 ml/cc of
|3.||Aminophylline||0.5ml/cc per 1.0 ml/cc of saline
Morning and evening nebulizing for 7 days, then once a day for 7 days. Sodium chloride (saline) must be used in order to provide a proper suspension (mixture) and to ensure a proper absorption (intake) of the medication into the bronchus (air passages) as the rat breathes. Keep the saline in the refrigerator and use 70% isopropyl (rubbing) alcohol on a cotton ball for disinfecting (cleaning) the injection nipple (opening) or you can purchase pre-packaged alcohol prep-pads at your pharmacy.
Certain rat patients may also require special oral (by mouth) medications to help open up the bronchus within their lungs. If your rat(s) are not responding within the first 2 days of the twice daily nebulizing treatments, you must call a veterinarian! Only they can prescribe these special medications and advise you on the dosages to give.
Important side affects to be aware of in rats when they are being nebulized:
Some Of The Possible Side Affects To People Exposed To Any Of The Nebulizing Medications:
If you notice any of these symptoms, call your physician or go to the emergency room.