AFRMA

American Fancy Rat & Mouse Association

History of the Fancy

An Archive of Newspapers, Magazines, and Books Pertaining To The Fancy, with emphasis on the U.S.A.

Compiled by Karen Robbins


Submissions of articles, info, books, magazines, defunct clubs name/date, etc., pertaining to the history of the rat/mouse fancy always welcome. Send to editor@afrma.org.

U.K.

U.K. Rat News - 1862


I found this newspaper while searching for club history. This ad mentions Jemmy Shaw and the rat match sport. From this, odd colors of rats were kept and bred and sold as pets, the beginning of the Rat Fancy.

U.K. Newspaper Articles - Rats

National Mouse Club (N.M.C.) - founded 1895


NMC logo1895 to present - National Mouse Club (N.M.C.) in Great Britain.
This club was mentioned several times in articles here in the U.S.A. in the late 1800s to the 1980s. They had/have several chapters around England that put on shows. Walter Maxey, the father of the mouse fancy, came up with the show boxes used today and the AFRMA show boxes are patterned after theirs.

For a short time from 1912 to 1929 it was known as the National Mouse and Rat Club.

N.M.C. News began in 1981, the official journal of the National Mouse club; they were using Fur & Feather as their journal until Fur & Feather died in 1981. Fur & Feather came back in 1982 primarily as a rabbit journal. They now occasionally have articles on rats and mice.

1898 Harmsworth Monthly Pictorial Magazine
Harmsworth - Mice Worth Their Weight In Gold The Harmsworth Monthly Pictorial Magazine, Vol. 1 1898-9. Published by Harmsworth Brothers Ltd., London, 1899. Article “Mice Worth Their Weight In Gold: Some Extravagant Pets” by Gavin Macdonald. Article about the National Mouse Club in England; shows several versions of Maxey cages.



1910 How to Breed and Exhibit All Varieties of Fancy Mice and Rats
How to Breed and Exhibit All Varieties of Fancy Mice and Rats, 1910 Second Edition 1910, by W. Maxey, late Hon. Sec. of the National Mouse Club. Fur and Feather, Watmoughs Limited, Idle, Bradford. One of the first fancier’s books.



1920 Fancy Mice and Rats: How to Breed and Exhibit
Fancy Mice and Rats: How to Breed and Exhibit 1920 Third Edition revised by Mary Douglas 1920, by W. Maxey, late Hon. Sec. of the National Mouse Club. Fur and Feather, Watmoughs Limited, Idle, Bradford. One of the first fancier’s books. PDF of a photo copy of the book.



1922 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather Feb. 17, 1922 February 17, 1922, No. 1,656, Vol. 67, J.E. Watmough, Idle, Bradford. Mouse And Rat Mems by Ralph Blake; Western Whiffs by J.H. Hooper (mentions the Bristol Mouse and Rat Club); article and photo of C. A. House (wrote In-Breeding: What It Is and What It Does); Mouse Specials At Bradford by WM. Turton; along with ads New!



1937 Reader’s Digest
Reader’s Digest March 1937 March 1937, The Reader’s Digest Association, Inc., Pleasantville, NY. Includes an article “The English Craze for Mice.” about the National Mouse Club



1946 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather Sept. 27, 1946 Sept. 27, 1946, No. 2938, Vol. 109, Idle, Bradford, Yorks. National Mouse Club Notes and Rules: How To Send Stock To Shows; ‘FERN-END’ On Fostering [Mr. T. Robinson]; How Size is Maintained; News About Clubs and Members conducted by R. Ward; Mice At Sandy (show note, 227 entries); mention of the Scottish Mouse Club on first page, and National Mouse Club show ad for Oct. 12, 1947, last page. The Newest Genetic Probe: A Challenge To All Small Livestock Breeders by Edward Battersby (hamsters, first page). New!



1946 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather Nov. 15, 1946 Nov. 15, 1946, No. 2945, Vol. 109, Idle, Bradford, Yorks. National Mouse Club Notes And News: A Tale About A Tail—Why Does The Appendage Of The Mouse Grow More Quickly Than Its Body?; tri-colour in Dutch litter; mouse scrapbook; older members should adopt a novice and help them out by R. Ward; In Town To-night and To-morrow by B. H. Du Boisson (Annual show with 850 entries); show in Glasgow, Scotland, Nov. 7–9, 1946, on first page. Hamster Information Pool No. 3, What The Microscope Reveals. New!



1947 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather March 14, 1947 March 14, 1947, No. 2960, Vol. 110, Idle, Bradford, Yorks. National Mouse Club Notes And News: How A Chocolate Fox Mouse Has Been Produced; all male mice die in cold, by R. Ward; Mice For The Beginner: Feeding And General Management, Outcrosses by Jack Wormald; Calder Valley Mouse Show (show report Feb. 22, 1947, 369 entries, 12-spot Broken shown); Mice At Doncaster (show report Jan. 11, 1947). Rules Of The British Hamster Club. Note: in the show reports, awards are 1, 2, 3, r (reserve, i.e. 4th), vhc (very highly commended, i.e. 5th), hc (highly commended, i.e. 6th), c (commended, i.e. 7th) New!



1947 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather March 28, 1947 March 28, 1947, No. 2962, Vol. 110, Idle, Bradford, Yorks. National Mouse Club Notes And News: Outcrossing Is A Tricky Business; more stock dies in cold; Astrex mice, by R. Ward; An Introduction to Mouse Genetics by R. S. Hutchings (Black, Blue, Chocolate, P.E., P.E. Agouti–no interest to the Fancy. Red); Exhibiting By Jack Wormald (show boxes, entering). New!



1947 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather April 4, 1947 April 4, 1947, No. 2963, Vol. 110, Idle, Bradford, Yorks. SCIENTIFIC NOTES: The Case of the Open Eyed Mouse by Roy Robinson; Mouse Memos by C. H. Johnson (sliding scale prize money vs. fixed); show report March 15, 1947, Layton. New!



1947 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather April 11, 1947 April 11, 1947, No. 2964, Vol. 110, Idle, Bradford, Yorks. National Mouse Club Notes And News: Longtails Make Quick Recovery from Effects of the Winter; show reports: Rishton, March 22, 1947 (26 entries), Rippendon, March 29, 1947 (188 entries). New!



1947 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather April 18, 1947 April 18, 1947, No. 2965, Vol. 110, Idle, Bradford, Yorks. National Mouse Club News: Notes For Novices conducted by R. Ward (mentions the Calder Valley Mouse Club). New!



1947 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather April 25, 1947 April 25, 1947, No. 2966, Vol. 110, Idle, Bradford, Yorks. Better and Brighter Mouseries by C. H. Johnson (have a clean organized mousery); National Mouse Club Notes by R. Ward (lots of misc. items). New!



1947 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather May 2, 1947 May 2, 1947, No. 2967, Vol. 110, Idle, Bradford, Yorks. National Mouse Club Notes And News: Moths In The Mousery! A Problem Not So Easy Of Solution As It Seems (N.M.C. used to hold monthly shows, moths, whistling mice); Calder Valley’s Summer Effort by R. Ward (410 entries at 2nd show on April 19); Mice At Calder Valley by W. Coles (show report April 19, 1947, 420 entries). New!



1947 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather May 9, 1947 May 9, 1947, No. 2968, Vol. 110, Idle, Bradford, Yorks. National Mouse Club Notes: A Simple Home Method: How To Make Glass Feeding Dishes (color of Maxey cages, chromium wire front for Maxey show cages, wants updated mouse book, glass dishes, Silver Brown or Silver Fawn wanted for genetic research at Cambridge) by Dick Ward. Selective Breeding of the Hamster by Alfred J. Cork, F.Z.S. New!



1947 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather May 16, 1947 May 16, 1947, No. 2969, Vol. 110, Idle, Bradford, Yorks. Mice (Calder Valley Club show May 31; use paraffin to get rid of moths; Nottingham Mouse Club; 34 babies from two moms; sliding scale prize money; rail charges; selective breeding); Glasgow Fur Club (Scottish Mouse Club) show May 3, 1947 with 107 mouse entries (first page). Hamsters. New!



1947 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather May 23, 1947 May 23, 1947, No. 2970, Vol. 110, Idle, Bradford, Yorks. Why Use Feeding Pots For Mice? by Dick Ward (suggestion to use chromium fronts for Maxey cages, using dishes for food, getting rid of moths); Mouse Memos by C. H. Johnson (continuing story of system in the mousery–ID, record keeping, etc.); How Baby Hamsters Put On Weight New!



1947 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather May 30, 1947 May 30, 1947, No. 2971, Vol. 110, Idle, Bradford, Yorks. Mouse club Members Discuss Colour Of Show Cages, Sliding Scale Prizes, Points For Tan Dutch (meeting at the Spring Cup Show, Sable and White mice shown as Tricolor, request for a book with photos of the different colors of mice, one top breeder has untidy mousery) by R. Ward; (4 photos of fancy rats—Hooded, Silver Fawn, white, and a Rattus rattus but no mention in article about them); Critical Reports Of The Shows: N.M.C. (Spring Show) (May 17, 1947, had a Supporters’ Class, a B.E. Champagne was shown in the Unstd. class). Note: in the show reports, awards are 1, 2, 3, r (reserve, i.e. 4th), vhc (very highly commended, i.e. 5th), hc (highly commended, i.e. 6th), c (commended, i.e. 7th) New!


1947 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather June 6, 1947 June 6, 1947, No. 2972, Vol. 110, Idle, Bradford, Yorks. National Mouse Club Notes and News: Railway Rates For Stock Travelling To And From Shows by Dick Ward (death of Fred Appleyard, Rail Charges, Cannibalism In Mice–moms need protein, Silver Greys); Reports of the Shows: MICE (400 entries, eye color decides light dove [Lilac, U.S.] vs. dark silver). New!



1947 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather June 13, 1947 June 13, 1947, No. 2973, Vol. 110, Idle, Bradford, Yorks. Fancy Mice Draw The Public At The Agricultural Shows by Dick Ward (chromium wire fronts on Maxey cages); In Favour Of The Silver fawn And Silver Brown by Walter Cole (Silver Chocolate; sorry about the missing part); Fred Appleyard (obit., died at age 40); London Mouse Club’s Show; The Fancy In Scotland (first page; meeting of the Scottish Mouse Club on June 21; sorry about the missing part); West Riding Mouse Club (3rd page; show on June 28). Investigation Into A Pouch Injury In The Hamster New!



1947 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather June 20, 1947 June 20, 1947, No. 2974, Vol. 110, Idle, Bradford, Yorks. National Mouse Club Officials by Albert C. Jude (results of 1947 N.M.C. annual election). New!



1947 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather June 27, 1947 June 27, 1947, No. 2975, Vol. 110, Idle, Bradford, Yorks. National Mouse Club Notes and News by Dick Ward (American fancier wants stock; Chinchilla mice; color of Maxey cages; female mice nest in cage at opposite end of ventilation hole; moths and paraffin; sorry about the missing part); Mice At Nottingham by William Turton (show report, June 21, 1947). New!



1947 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather July 4, 1947 July 4, 1947, No. 2976, Vol. 110, Idle, Bradford, Yorks. National Mouse Club News by Dick Ward; Brokens Demand Patience by Harry Booth; Mice At Lunesdale (show report). New!



1947 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather July 11, 1947 July 11, 1947, No. 2977, Vol. 110, Idle, Bradford, Yorks. National Mouse Club Notes and News: In Defence Of Monthly Shows With Sliding Scale Prize Money (wants to go back to monthly shows; giving milk to large litters of mice; cure for asthma–candle wax) by Dick Ward. New!



1947 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather July 18, 1947 July 18, 1947, No. 2978, Vol. 110, Idle, Bradford, Yorks. National Mouse Club Notes and News by Dick Ward (inquiries from America and Holland; Breeding Brokens). New!



1947 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather July 25, 1947 July 25, 1947, No. 2979, Vol. 110, Idle, Bradford, Yorks. National Mouse Club Notes and News: Once-A-Week Feeding (trouble getting mice to breed, feeding mice to last while on holiday–giving dry bread and green foods). New!



1947 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather August 1, 1947 August 1, 1947, No. 2980, Vol. 110, Idle, Bradford, Yorks. A Long-Tail Strongman, HAMSTERS (first page); The Mouse In Research (looking for mice with deformed feet to donate to science); National Mouse Club Notes (use of candle grease by Mr. E. J. King; diet/feeding milk by Mr. Partington) by R. Ward; Scottish Officers (Scottish Mouse Club); Cavies and Mice At Driffield (show report July 16, 1947, Unstd. class of 6–those mice still not recognized). New!


1947 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather August 8, 1947 August 8, 1947, No. 2981, Vol. 110, Idle, Bradford, Yorks. National Mouse Club Notes and News: Inbreeding And Line Breeding, Discussed by A. C. Jude. New!



1947 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather August 15, 1947 August 15, 1947, No. 2982, Vol. 110, Idle, Bradford, Yorks. National Mouse Club Notes and News: ‘Telling The World’ About Mice, Ron Beard’s Great Work at Stroud by Dick Ward (wanting leaflets, posters for exhibits; looking for mice with abnormalities in the hind feet); Railways To Cut Out Hamster Delays by Jean E. Cook. New!



1947 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather August 22, 1947 August 22, 1947, No. 2983, Vol. 110, Idle, Bradford, Yorks. National Mouse Club Notes: Stop The Craze For Unnecessary Outcrossing; getting mice to breed by Dick Ward. New!



1947 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather October 10, 1947 October 10, 1947, No. 2990, Vol. 110, Idle, Bradford, Yorks. MICE: The Problem Of Asthma by C. H. Johnson; HAMSTERS: British Hamster Club Notes; Nottingham Mouse Show (Sept. 20, 1947, show report, over 400 entries). New!



1947 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather December 12, 1947December 12, 1947, No. 2999, Vol. 110, Idle, Bradford, Yorks. Report Of The Annual General Meeting Of The National Mouse Club (missing mice); N.M.C. Annual Show at Shipley: N. M.C. Cup Winners (Nov. 29, 1947, show report; Non-Standardized class had B.E. Fawn, Tricolor) by R. Ward. New!



1949 The Fancy Mouse
The Fancy Mouse 1949 By Albert C. Jude, President, National Mouse Club. A very good, really old but thorough fancier’s book. 2013 reprint available from Fur & Feather.



1950 All-Pets Magazine,
All-Pets Jan. 1950 January 1950, Vol. 21, No. 1, Fond du Lac, WI. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section All-Pets Department has an article “The Fancy Mouse, First of a Series” by A. C. Jude, President, National Mouse Club.



1950 All-Pets Magazine,
All-Pets Feb. 1950 February 1950, Vol. 21, No. 2, Fond du Lac, WI. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section All-Pets Department has an article “The Fancy Mouse, Second of a Series” by A. C. Jude.



1950 All-Pets Magazine,
All-Pets March 1950 March 1950, Vol. 21, No. 3, Fond du Lac, WI. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section All-Pets Department has an article “The Fancy Mouse, Third of a Series” by A. C. Jude.



1950 All-Pets Magazine,
All-Pets June 1950 June 1950, Vol. 21, No. 6, Fond du Lac, WI. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section All-Pets Department has an article “The Fancy Mouse, Fourth of a Series” by A. C. Jude.



1950 All-Pets Magazine,
All-Pets Dec. 1950 December 1950, Vol. 22, No. 8, Fond du Lac, WI. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section All-Pets Department has an article “The Fancy Mouse, Fifth of a Series” by A. C. Jude.



1951 All-Pets Magazine,
All-Pets Feb. 1951 February 1951, Vol. 22, No. 2, Fond du Lac, WI. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. Includes an article “The Fancy Mouse, Sixth in a Series” by A. C. Jude.



1951 All-Pets Magazine,
All-Pets May 1951 May 1951, Vol. 22, No. 5, Fond du Lac, WI. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section All-Pets Department has an article “The Fancy Mouse, Sixth in a Series” by A. C. Jude [probably supposed to be Seventh of a Series]; also has article “African Rats” by Science Service.



1951 All-Pets Magazine,
All-Pets August 1951 August 1951, Vol. 22, No. 8, All-Pets Magazine, Fond du Lac, WI. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section All-Pets Department has an article “The Fancy Mouse in Great Britain” by A. C. Jude.



1952 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather January 31, 1952 January 31, 1952, No. 3215, Vol. 115, Idle, Bradford, Yks. MICE: What Though The Feet Were Weary The Hearts Were Light, BRADFORD BUNIONS by Dick Ward (about the 1952 Bradford show); AS I HAVE FOUND IT: Arthur Day writes to the Secretary of the National Mouse Club by C. H. Johnson. Hon. Sec., Highfield, Driffield. New!



1952 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather February 7, 1952 February 7, 1952, No. 3216, Vol. 115, Idle, Bradford, Yks. Longtail Shows Of 1951 A Review by Ron Beard; National Mouse Club Notes by C. H. Johnson. Hon. Sec., Highfield, Driffield. New!



1952 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather February 14, 1952 February 14, 1952, No. 3217, Vol. 115, Idle, Bradford, Yks. National Mouse Club Notes by C. H. Johnson. Hon. Sec., Highfield, Driffield (upcoming show and exhibit in Heckmondwike); Cavies In America by Jack Ball, San Jose, California (this is the same Jack Ball that had the Roan and Merle mice). New!



1952 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather February 21, 1952 February 21, 1952, No. 3218, Vol. 115, Idle, Bradford, Yks. National Mouse Club Notes by C. H. Johnson, Hon. Sec., Highfield, Driffield (display and show in Heckmondwike; one exhibitor’s mice never made it to a show); Airedale Mouse Club Show (Feb. 9, 1952, show report, 601 entries). New!



1952 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather February 28, 1952 February 28, 1952, No. 3219, Vol. 115, Idle, Bradford, Yks. National Mouse Club Notes and News: Snap Show Wanted For March; continuing series System in the Mousery; Winners At Hillingdon (mouse section report Feb. 9, 1952, 250 entries, with a Doe and Litter class) by C. H. Johnson, Hon. Sec., Highfield, Driffield. New!



1952 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather March 6, 1952 March 6, 1952, No. 3220, Vol. 115, Idle, Bradford, Yks. National Mouse Club Notes and News: ‘Fill The Gap Shows by C. H. Johnson, Hon. Sec., Highfield, Driffield (about having more shows, up to 1 per week); Winners at Shildon (North-Eastern Mouse Club Show report Feb. 23, 1952, 460 entries). New!



1952 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather March 13, 1952 March 13, 1952, No. 3221, Vol. 115, Idle, Bradford, Yks. National Mouse Club Notes and News by C. H. Johnson, Hon. Sec., Highfield, Driffield; War·Time Shows by A. C. Jude; Sowerby Bridge, Calder Valley Mouse Show (March 1, 1952, show report, 515 entries). New!



1952 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather March 20, 1952 March 20, 1952, No. 3222, Vol. 115, Idle, Bradford, Yks. Mouse Club Notes: A Successful Year by C. H. Johnson, Hon. Sec., Highfield, Driffield. New!



1952 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather March 27, 1952 March 27, 1952, No. 3223, Vol. 115, Idle, Bradford, Yks. National Mouse Club Notes and News by C. H. Johnson, Hon. Sec.,Highfield, Driffield, Yorks. New!



1952 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather April 3, 1952 April 3, 1952, No. 3224, Vol. 115, Idle, Bradford, Yks. National Mouse Club Notes and News: First N.M.C. ‘Fill-The-Gap’ Show Immense Success by C. H. Johnson. Hon. Sec., Highfield, Driffield (Driffield show, March 22, 1952, 622 entries); Heckmondwike Show (March 22, 1952, results, 86 entries).. New!



1952 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather April 10, 1952 April 10, 1952, No. 3225, Vol. 115, Idle, Bradford, Yks. National Mouse Club Notes and News: The Fancy Past and Present by Mr. Percy Ashley (comparing mice from the early days to present, always had fanciers to run shows, present shows get around 15 entries per class, always had healthy, united, and sound club, not as many exhibitors in the membership, now have duplicate classes); Longtail Winners at Driffield by R. Ward (March 22, 1952, show report, 620 entries: Leeds mouse show in 1936 had 1632 entries); Cavies In America by Jack Ball (this is the same Jack Ball that had the Roan and Merle mice). New!


1952 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather April 17, 1952 April 17, 1952, No. 3226, Vol. 115, Idle, Bradford, Yks. National Mouse Club Notes by C. H. Johnson. Hon. Sec., Highfield, Driffield, Yorks (2nd part of Mr. Percy Ashley’s article on the Mouse Fancy, past and present, this article deals with stock–some have excelled, some have failed); Show Promoter’s Thanks by Percy Ashley (Manchester show April 5, 1952, with 1044 entries, duplicate classes half price). New!


1952 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather April 24, 1952 April 24, 1952, No. 3227, Vol. 115, Idle, Bradford, Yks. C. H. Johnson in these National Mouse Club Notes says: It’s the Minor Points That Matter (Mr. Percy Ashley concludes his account on the mouse Fancy past and present with observations: color of Tan feet, eyes, coat, specialize, need to judge on more than color, one enthusiast covers costs of show); Over 1OOO Entries for Failsworth by R. Ward (show report May 5, 1952, over 1000 entries); Reports of the Shows (mention of Manchester championship mouse show had 1044 entries); ad for book The Fancy Mouse by A. C. Jude New!


1952 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather May 1, 1952 May 1, 1952, No. 3228, Vol. 115, Idle, Bradford, Yks. National Mouse Club Spring Cup Show: Happy And Successful Event (Rotherham, April 19, 1952, 722 entries) by C. H. Johnson; Rotherham N.M.C, Spring Cup Show (marked and AOV show report by J. Patchett); brief info and photo first page of Ralph Blake. New!



1968 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather August 29, 1968 August 29, 1968, Vol. 131, No. 4076, Idle, Bradford, Yorkshire. The Mouse Fancy: On Probation Tony Sheppard Discusses The New Varieties (Argente, Argente Creme, Silver Agouti, Seal Point Siamese–thought it came from Sables and Silver Foxes, Long-haired, Abyssinian–shown 3 years prior in the Unstd. class, Himalayan); Blue Fox Wins Best In Show At Haringey (Aug. 3, 1968, show report, 474 entries); The NMC Secretary Writes...: Summer Shows, Neglected Varieties, Lapel Badges, AGM Agenda; Ellingham A Moderate Success by T. Heath (Aug. 10, 1968 show report, 117 entries) - whole page devoted to mice, has photo of Jack Hartley judging a show mouse, 2nd page has ad for show. New!


1968 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather September 12, 1968 September 12, 1968, Vol. 131, No. 4078, Idle, Bradford, Yorkshire. The Mouse Fancy: Continuing the series: ‘THE WORLD OF MICE’ (pocket mouse, dormice, grasshopper mouse) by John C. Dawson; The National Mouse Club’s Trophies by Stuart Smith; Poem: Ballad To A Fancy Mouse by Margery Hammond. New!



1968 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather December 12, 1968 December 12, 1968, Vol. 131, No. 4091, Idle, Bradford, Yorkshire. THE EXHIBITION MOUSE: There’s Something ‘Sterling’ About Silver; They Say...Must it always be the same faithful few? (same few helpers, all members should help; Foxes are sub-standard (improperly colored feet); Grievous Loss (deaths of Dick Wain and Sid Berry); Melton Meeting (Melton and District Mouse Club); National Mouse Club News: The Secretary Writes (cure for scours, maintaining size and type) by S. Smith, Down South by Tony Jones, The Marked Ones in London by Doreen Cooper (show report for Marked, AOV, Longhaired) New!


1969 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather March 13, 1969 March 13, 1969, Vol. 132, No. 4104, Idle, Bradford, Yorkshire. THE EXHIBITION MOUSE: ‘How To Make A Mouse Box’; Down Memory Lane – with E N Smith (mentions the Hillingdon Mouse Club, held a show in 1953 with just under 1000 entries); Birmingham’s Winners (show report February 23, 1969, included Hooded and AOV rat classes); Rhona Welch’s Enthusiasm In Evidence At Chard (South Western Fanciers Society show report Feb. 2, 1952, by Eric Jukes, new variety of Longhaired mice were shown, also had Junior [exhibitor under 18] and Brood Doe classes). New!


1970 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather May 14, 1970 May 14, 1970, Vol. 133, No. 4165, Idle, Bradford, Yorkshire. THE EXHIBITION MOUSE: ‘She Cut Off Their Tails With A Carving Knife’ But There Is None Of These Mice In Britain (questions asked in past years, asked again—hot weather, Tailless mice, improving type and size in Dutch, using powder to clean show mice); Down Memory Lane – With Ernie Higgs (remembering past fanciers, rats not as popular as in the past and not as big, fancier looking to show rats). New!


1971 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather January 28, 1971 January 28, 1971, Vol. 134, No. 4194, Idle, Bradford, Yorkshire. THE EXHIBITION MOUSE: He Wants To Help To Save The ‘Aristocrats Of The Fancy’ (breeding Sable, clear fish tanks for cages); Get busy on the Tricolour-quickly (photo of a Tricolor, Himalayans are not marked); Are plastic wash bowls successful? (use as cages); Get rats to the shows (club was to be started, LSCMC holds classes for rats, breeders need to show their rats); Standard for the Mongolian Gerbil; drawing of mouse on stack of genetics books; Calder Valley Suggests Reduced Fees For Early Entries (day-of-show entries to cost more); One Of The Most Graceful Of Existing Quadrupeds by Eric Jukes (continuation of series on history of the rat, The clubs, Housing, Cleaning, Feeding, Grooming, Breeding; photo of 13-day-old rat babies). New!


Newspaper Articles: National Mouse Club

  • October 17, 1896 Mr. Charles Cruft (blurb 3rd column at bottom about mouse show at the People’s Palace), The Mercury, London, England
  • October 21, 1896 East London Exhibition (2nd column; ad for show that includes mice at the People’s Palace), Daily Mail, London, England
  • October 22, 1896 East-End Cat Show (2nd column; show at the People’s Palace included a mouse show), Daily Mail, London, England
    • October 22, 1896 East London Exhibition (2nd column; same ad for show as Daily Mail, October 22, 1896), London Evening News
  • December 18, 1898 Mice of Many Colors (NMC; general article; doesn’t specifically mention name of U.S.A. club; tells that Anton Rothmueller of New Market, New Hampshire, was the first to take up the mouse fancy in the U.S.A.; stock from the U.S.A. to be shipped to England, Austria, New Zealand, and South Africa—the American strain does not develop asthma; the latest colors of cream and yellow mice in the N.M.C., yellow mice sell for $15), The Reading Eagle, Reading, Pennsylvania
  • February 12, 1899 Club Forming article from The Nebraska State Journal with blurb on the British National Mouse Club on the Messy Beast web site
  • February 4, 1900 Mice As Pets: Variety of Color That Has Been Obtained by Skillful Breeding (6th column; NMC, AMC), The Sun
  • December 13, 1903 Women Once Afraid Of Mice, Now Raise Them For Pets (article about NMC, mentions rats), Chicago Daily Tribune, Chicago, Illinois
  • December 16, 1903 The Ridiculous Mouse Evening News And Evening Mail, London (last column, part of article washed out)
  • January 13, 1904 Gossip From Gotham (bottom 1st column; NMC; suggest a copy of NMC be established in NY; talks like there is no American Mouse Club), St. Paul Globe
  • January 14, 1904 London Has A Rat Show (60 exhibits in Cheltenham, England, W. Maxey of NMC was judge), Jacksonville Daily Illinois Courier
    • March 3, 1904 London Has A Rat Show Lawrence Daily Journal Lawrence, Kansas (2nd column; same article as Jacksonville Daily Illinois Courier, January 14, 1904)
  • April 11, 1904 A Rat Show (3rd column; 60 exhibitis in Cheltenham, England), The Attica Daily Ledger, Attica, Indiana
    • April 22, 1904 A Rat Show Bedford Daily Republican, Bedford,Iowa (4th column; same article as The Attica Daily Ledger April 11, 1904)
  • April 16, 1935 How To Care For Pets: Mice (general care article, mentions NMC), Harrisburg Telegraph, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
  • January 21, 1937 News of the Week: Mouse Lovers Organize (1st column; 60 mice in first show of AMFC, NMC breeders get $100 for top mice), The Waterville Times, Waterville, NY
  • April 25, 1937 30,000 Mice Never Fed Cheese Montana Butte Standard, Butte, Montana (Mrs. E. D. Blowers, of the NMC, England; AMFC founded 1936)
  • September 12, 1937 Mouse Breeding Popular Sport (article about Mrs. E. D. Blowers, London mouse fancier wanting to make the United States mouse conscious; American Mouse Fanciers’ club) The Springfield Sunday Union and Republican, Springfield, Massachusetts
  • November 20, 1937 Cat vs. Rat, Mouse (7th column; combined cat, rat, and mouse show, NMC, AMFC), Daily Iowan, Iowa
  • February 1, 1938 Britain Breeds Mice In 32 Colors; Tries To Sell Us New Fad In Pets (article with photos of Mrs. Edith Blowers, Secretary NMC, England) Altoona Tribune, Altoona, Pennsylvania
  • March 11, 1939 Calder Valley Mouse Club (affiliated to the National Mouse Club), The Halifax Courier and Guardian, England
  • September 26, 1939 blurb last column at bottom (NMC has more than 500 members), The Ludington Daily News, Ludington, Michigan
    • September 29, 1939 Brief City News (3rd column) The Index-Journal, Greenwood, South Carolina (same article as The Ludington Daily News, September 26, 1939)
    • September 30, 1939 Zion (last column) The Daily Free Press, Carbondale, Illinois (same article as The Ludington Daily News, September 26, 1939; The Index-Journal, September 29, 1939)
  • April 26, 1947 Across The Desk (singing mouse; English breeders, Mrs. E. D. Blowers, England; AMFC first show, description of ideal mouse), The New York Age, New York, New York
  • December 17, 1962 Speaking of Pets: If you want to raise Mice here’s how to do it (NMC, AMC), Biddeford-Seco Journal, Maine
  • August 2, 1964 Great Britain Has National Mouse Club! The Springfield Sunday Republican, Springfield, Massachusetts
  • September 26, 1964 Red, White and Blue Mice (bottom 4th column; about mice in England), Redlands Daily Facts, Redlands, California (also in Oshkosh Daily Northwestern, Oshkosh, WI, September 26, 1964; The Brownsville Herald, Brownsville, TX, September 27, 1964)
  • Fur & Feather, August 29, 1968August 29, 1968 The Mouse Fancy (whole page devoted to mice, 2nd page has ad for show), Fur & Feather, England
  • October 2, 1968 Vaughan At Large: Join The Mouse Breeders (about book The Fancy Mouse and Walter Maxey), Playground Daily News, Fort Walton Beach, Florida
  • March 8, 1970 High Cost of Mouse Moving (bottom left hand corner), The San Bernardino County Sun, San Bernardino, California
    • March 20, 1970 Raising Mouse Fares (2nd column), The Childress Index, Childress, Texas (same article as The San Bernardino County Sun, March 8, 1970)
  • December 15, 1974 Small Pets Create Noise At Big Show (Alexandra Palace Exhibition, mentions Pearl mice), Springfield Sunday Republican, Springfield, Massachusetts
  • May 31, 1979 Fur & Feather, England. Articles: Genetics are not essential by John K Palin; Bradford Metro; MICE-ELLANY by Tony Cooke: Joys of a partnership; Mainly About Tans by Geoff Squibb; Ailments in hamsters (Part 1) by Dennis Homes.
  • June 7, 1979 Fur & Feather, England. Articles: MICE-ELLANY by Tony Cooke: Are genetics really necessary?; Something must be done about show schedules says G. Harlow; Lancashire Holch Potch; Midland Mouse Club by G. Harlow; Ailments in hamsters( Part· 2) by Dennis Homes; Best friends by Helen Dagg; show reports.
  • June 14, 1979 Fur & Feather, England. Articles: How I became a Mousewife by Angela Jukes; Ailments in hamsters (Part 3) by Dennis Homes; show reports.
  • November 27, 1980 Fur and Feather Show (12th Annual London Championship show, with rats and mice), The Galveston Daily News, Galveston, Texas

Videos


See also the London & Southern Counties Mouse & Rat Club Digital Library page for more articles.

London & Southern Counties Mouse & Rat Club (LSCMRC), - founded 1916


LSCMRC logo1916 to present - London & Southern Counties Mouse & Rat Club (LSCMRC), Great Britain.
The LSCMRC was founded February 5, 1916, as the London Mouse & Rat Club and just celebrated their 100th anniversary in 2016. They held their first show June 12, 1916. However, due to the lack of rat exhibits, they dropped rats from the name in 1934 and was then known as the London and Southern Counties Mouse Club. In 1972 rats were added back to the classes and in 1982 became the London & Southern Counties Rat & Mouse Club again.

See the London & Southern Counties Mouse & Rat Club Digital Library page for more articles.

National Fancy Rat Society (N.F.R.S.) - founded 1976


NFRS logo1976 to present - National Fancy Rat Society, Great Britain.
The N.F.R.S. was founded January 13, 1976. They held their first show April 24, 1976. You can read more in the article “How It All Began . . .”.

In the N.F.R.S. magazine, Pro-Rat-a Number 204 Nov./Dec. 2014 issue, is a photo of a Black Hooded Ch. Effective Girl on a rat-size Maxey show box from 1914 that won several awards. Now the N.F.R.S. uses clear carriers with wire tops. AFRMA rat show boxes are very similar to these early rat show boxes.

1922 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather Feb. 17, 1922 February 17, 1922, No. 1,656, Vol. 67, J.E. Watmough, Idle, Bradford. Mouse And Rat Mems by Ralph Blake; Western Whiffs by J.H. Hooper (mentions the Bristol Mouse and Rat Club); article and photo of C. A. House (wrote In-Breeding: What It Is and What It Does); Mouse Specials At Bradford by WM. Turton; along with ads New!



1947 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather May 30, 1947 May 30, 1947, No. 2971, Vol. 110, Idle, Bradford, Yorks. Mouse club Members Discuss Colour Of Show Cages, Sliding Scale Prizes, Points For Tan Dutch (meeting at the Spring Cup Show, Sable and White mice shown as Tricolor, request for a book with photos of the different colors of mice, one top breeder has untidy mousery) by R. Ward; (4 photos of fancy rats—Hooded, Silver Fawn, white, and a Rattus rattus but no mention in article about them); Critical Reports Of The Shows: N.M.C. (Spring Show) (May 17, 1947, had a Supporters’ Class, a B.E. Champagne was shown in the Unstd. class). New!


1952 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather May 1, 1952 May 1, 1952, No. 3228, Vol. 115, Idle, Bradford, Yks. National Mouse Club Spring Cup Show: Happy And Successful Event (Rotherham, April 19, 1952, 722 entries) by C. H. Johnson; Rotherham N.M.C, Spring Cup Show (marked and AOV show report by J. Patchett); brief info and photo first page of Ralph Blake. New!



1971 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather January 28, 1971 January 28, 1971, Vol. 134, No. 4194, Idle, Bradford, Yorkshire. THE EXHIBITION MOUSE: He Wants To Help To Save The ‘Aristocrats Of The Fancy’ (breeding Sable, clear fish tanks for cages); Get busy on the Tricolour-quickly (photo of a Tricolor, Himalayans are not marked); Are plastic wash bowls successful? (use as cages); Get rats to the shows (club was to be started, LSCMC holds classes for rats, breeders need to show their rats); Standard for the Mongolian Gerbil; drawing of mouse on stack of genetics books; Calder Valley Suggests Reduced Fees For Early Entries (day-of-show entries to cost more); One Of The Most Graceful Of Existing Quadrupeds by Eric Jukes (continuation of series on history of the rat, The clubs, Housing, Cleaning, Feeding, Grooming, Breeding; photo of 13-day-old rat babies). New!


1981 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather, Feb. 19, 1981 February 19, 1981, Swansong At Bradford by Nick Mays. Fur & Feather, England.



1984 Fanciful Reflections: Eighty Years of the Rat Fancy, 1901 to 1981
Fanciful Reflections 1984 By Nick Mays. Covers the history of the rat fancy through newspaper and magazine articles. Includes plans for a rat show cage on page 50 that was originally in Fur & Feather. These were used in the days of Miss Mary Douglas that were large versions of the Maxey Mouse show cage.



1991 N.F.R.S. Handbook. The N.F.R.S. did a handbook in 1989, then revised and reprinted it in 1991. This booklet covered the history of the fancy rat and the N.F.R.S., as well as the care, breeding, genetics, and varieties of fancy rats. This is a PDF of the 1991 edition separated into each section. Remember, some aspects of rat keeping may have changed over the years.


1991 Miss Mary Douglas – the ‘Mother’ of the Rat Fancy by Nick Mays, NFRS Archivist, Pro-Rat-A 66 Nov./Dec. 1991. Nick had a column From the Archives in the NFRS newsletter Pro-Rat-A that had lots of great articles on the history of rats and rat keeping, this one on Miss Mary Douglas.

1993 Her Majesty’s Ratcatcher by Nick Mays, NFRS Archivist, Pro-Rat-A 78 Nov./Dec. 1993. This article in Pro-Rat-A’s From the Archives was about Jack Black, one of the original rat fanciers.

2016 Mary Douglas: Mother of Rat Fancy by David Walega. Small story about Mary Douglas.

Newspaper Articles

  • December 13, 1903 Women Once Afraid Of Mice, Now Raise Them For Pets (article about NMC, mentions rats), Chicago Daily Tribune, Chicago, Illinois
  • January 14, 1904 London Has A Rat Show (60 exhibits in Cheltenham, England, W. Maxey of NMC was judge), Jacksonville Daily Illinois Courier
    • March 3, 1904 London Has A Rat Show Lawrence Daily Journal, Lawrence, Kansas (same article as Jacksonville Daily Illinois Courier, January 14, 1904)
  • April 11, 1904 A Rat Show (60 exhibits in Cheltenham, England), The Attica Daily Ledger (similar article to Jacksonville Daily Illinois Courier January 14, 1904; Lawrence Daily Journal March 3, 1904)
    • April 22, 1904 A Rat Show Bedford Daily Republican, Bedford,Iowa (4th column; same article as The Attica Daily Ledger April 11, 1904)
  • November 27, 1980 Fur and Feather Show (12th Annual London Championship show, with rats and mice), The Galveston Daily News, Galveston, Texas
  • April 2009 So You Think You Know About Rats? by Ann Storey, N.F.R.S., Fur & Feather, England

U.S.A.

American Mouse Club (AMC), New York - founded 1898


1898–1904? American Mouse Club (AMC), New York
This club was organized February 4, 1898, during the New York Poultry and Pigeon Association exhibition. H. C. Scheel of NY was elected the President. Although this fact got lots of coverage in several newspapers all the way to July 1901, there were never any articles about shows or other events they put on. The article February 4, 1900, Mice As Pets: Variety of Color That Has Been Obtained by Skillful Breeding tells that the AMC had members all over the country. This same article says that mice were sent from the N.M.C. to the U.S.A. (doesn’t say to who) and that the AMC is the latest addition to clubs here.

U.S.A. Newspaper Articles

  • February 5, 1898 A Mouse Club Organized (AMC organized February 4, 1898, during New York Poultry and Pigeon Association exhibition, H. C. Scheel of NY elected President), New York Times, New York
  • December 18, 1898 Mice of Many Colors (NMC; general article; doesn’t specifically mention name of U.S.A. club; tells that Anton Rothmueller of New Market, New Hampshire, was the first to take up the mouse fancy in the U.S.A.; stock from the U.S.A. to be shipped to England, Austria, New Zealand, and South Africa—the American strain does not develop asthma; the latest colors of cream and yellow mice in the N.M.C., yellow mice sell for $15), The Reading Eagle, Reading, Pennsylvania
  • February 4, 1900 Mice As Pets: Variety of Color That Has Been Obtained by Skillful Breeding (6th column; NMC, AMC; mice imported 1896 [probably by Mr. Rothmueller, mentioned in November 27, 1899 article Mouse Collecting Club], sell for $5 to $22; article hard to read, see the Feb. 23 one), The Sun
  • March 25, 1900 Gathered Here and There (bottom 3rd column; blurb about being recent addition to clubdom), Saint Paul Globe
  • April 30, 1900 The American Mouse Club (bottom 4th column; blurb about club being organized in NY), Daily Iowa State Press, Iowa
    • May 3, 1900 The American Mouse Club (last column at bottom), Rochester Weekly Republican, Indiana (same article as Daily Iowa State Press, April 30, 1900)
  • May 11, 1900 part of Curious Condensations (1st column towards bottom; blurb about being recent addition to clubdom), Virginia Enterprise
    • May 26, 1900 part of News In Paragraphs (last column), Scranton Tribune (same article as Virginia Enterprise, May 11, 1900)
    • June 5, 1900 part of Gleanings (bottom 3rd column), Herald Star, Ohio (same article as Virginia Enterprise, May 11, 1900; Scranton Tribune, May 26, 1900)
    • June 12, 1900 part of News and Notes For Women: Gossip (6th column), News and Herald, Winnsboro, South Carolina (same article as Virginia Enterprise, May 11, 1900; Scranton Tribune, May 26, 1900; Herald Star, June 5, 1900)
    • June 17, 1900 The American Mouse Club... (bottom 3rd column), Biloxi Herald, Mississippi (same article as Virginia Enterprise, May 11, 1900; Scranton Tribune, May 26, 1900; Herald Star, June 5, 1900; News and Herald, June 12, 1900)
    • July 5, 1900 part of Gleanings (4th column), Mentone Tri County Gazette, Indiana (same article as Virginia Enterprise, May 11, 1900; Scranton Tribune, May 26, 1900; Herald Star, June 5, 1900; News and Herald, June 12, 1900; Biloxi Herald, June 17, 1900)
    • October 11, 1900 part of Gleanings (5th column), Mentone Tri County Gazette, Indiana (same article as Virginia Enterprise, May 11, 1900; Scranton Tribune, May 26, 1900; Herald Star, June 5, 1900; News and Herald, June 12, 1900; Biloxi Herald, June 17, 1900; Mentone Tri County Gazette, July 5, 1900, August 16, 1900, December 13, 1900)
    • July 3, 1901 part of First Of All–The News (1st column), Naugatuck Daily News, Connecticut (same article as Virginia Enterprise, May 11, 1900; Scranton Tribune, May 26, 1900; Herald Star, June 5, 1900; News and Herald, June 12, 1900; Biloxi Herald, June 17, 1900; Mentone Tri County Gazette, July 5, 1900; Mentone Tri County Gazette, Oct. 11, 1900)
  • January 13, 1904 Gossip From Gotham (bottom 1st column; NMC; suggest a copy of NMC be established in NY; talks like there is no American Mouse Club), St. Paul Globe

United States Mouse Club (USMC), Chicago, Illinois - founded 1899


1899–1900? United States Mouse Club (USMC), Chicago, Illinois Mouse Collecting Club
This club was founded by John H. Grube in Albany along with several prominent Chicago Women—Mrs. Leland Norton, founder and president of the Chicago Cat club and Mrs. Poyer owned Northwestern Rabbitry were some of the main ones mentioned. Not sure exactly when it was founded as the October 27, 1899, article tells about the club to have a show with the cats and cavies in December, where the November 19, 27, and 28 tells of it recently starting and then the December 1 article says it was started the previous week. Mr. Rothmueller of New Hampshire [not sure of his club affiliation as he is mentioned in the USMC article of November 27, 1899, and the February 4, 1900, AMC article] imported first mice to the U.S.A. Mr. Grube had the largest collection of mice in the U.S.A. in 1899 of which most were imported stock.

U.S.A. Newspaper Articles

  • December 4, 1898 Cats And The Cat Fancy In North America 1880s To 1900s (4): Cat Show Attracts Society (USMC started in 1899 by prominent Chicago women), article with the The New York Times article on the Messy Beast web site
  • October 27, 1899 Show Cats, Mice, and Cavies (6th column; combined show of cat club, cavy club, USMC in Chicago in December 1899), Chicago Daily Tribune, Chicago, Illinois
  • November 19, 1899 Cavy Culture A New Fad (mice and rats; mentions a club getting started), The Courier-Journal, Louisville, Kentucky
  • November 27, 1899 Mouse Collecting Club (4th column at top; with drawing of lady with mice, USMC recently started, Mr. Rothmueller has mice imported from England), The Sandusky Star-Journal, Sandusky, Ohio
    • November 28, 1899 Mouse Collecting Club The Leavenworth Times, Leavenworth, Kansas (same article as The Sandusky Star-Journal, November 27, 1899)
    • December 1, 1899 Chicago Women (4th column), The Wichita Daily Beacon, Wichita, Kansas (same article without drawing as The Sandusky Star-Journal, November 27, 1899; The Leavenworth Times, November 28, 1899, but this one says USMC organized previous week
  • January 14, 1900 Pet Fowl and Cats (far right top corner, article above and below drawing; National Fanciers’ Association show at Tattersall January 22–27, 1900, fourth annual Chicago show of poultry, pet stock, pigeons, and cats; John Grube from Albany, Pres. USMC, to exhibit mice), The Sunday Inter Ocean, Chicago, Illinois
  • May 17, 1900 The Unquiet Sex (1st column; USMC latest fad organized among animal lovers), The Fort Wayne News, Fort Wayne, Indiana

Mouse Club, Chicago, Illinois - founded 1901


1901 Mouse Club, Chicago, Illinois
This is a different club than the USMC even though they were both in Chicago. There was only one article about this group. This was another Chicago club made up of women, this time most were from the Beresford Cat Club. The efforts of Miss E. C. Copeland started the club. This club was to pay special attention to the breeding of the Himalayan mouse.

U.S.A. Newspaper Articles

  • January 28, 1901 Mouse Club Organized (3rd column; different Chicago club than the USMC, Mouse Club recently organized by Chicago women, Miss E. C. Copeland efforts started club, more than 200 women members, most from Beresford Cat Club, planning first show, club to pay special attention to the breeding of the Himalayan mice, of which Miss Copeland has some), St. Louis Republic, Saint Louis, Missouri

American Fur Fancier’s Association (AFFA) - founded 1903?


1903? American Fur Fancier’s Association (AFFA), East Coast
Imported rats in 1898 and imported mice from N.M.C. in 1903. Held a show at the Madison Square Gardens in New York (may be what is talked about in the January 6, 1904 newspaper article). The AFFA had their own Fancy Mouse Club.

1915 - American Fur Fancier’s Association (AFFA) Standards of Perfection book
AFFA Standards of Perfection “The American Pet Stock Standard of Perfection and Official Guide of the American Fur Fancier’s Association Covering all Varieties of Rabbits, Cavies (guinea pigs), and Mice” 1915. American Fur Fancier’s Association Standards of Perfection book - The Fancy Mouse chapter starts on page 39; it tells about how in 1903 America’s first fancy mice were imported from the N.M.C. by Mr. Anton Rottmueller of Boston and in the fall of that same year Dr. L. H. Wood of Groton, Connecticut imported about 30 varieties; colored mice were sold as pets in New York in 1890; in 1904 a show was held in Madison Square Gardens; there was a Fancy Mouse Club of the American Fur Fanciers’ Association; Miss Abbie E. C. Lathrop of Granby, Massachusetts was involved in the start of the club and was Chairman of the Fancy Mouse Club of the American Fur Fanciers’ Association until 1914, she also bred rats [she was instrumental in the start of laboratories using mice by sending them ones with health issues to try and figure out what the problem was; the chapter also includes drawings of the recognized varieties. Even though it doesn’t say it in the title, there is a chapter on rats starting on page 44 and lists colors such as yellow/fawn (light canary to deep orange), orange, cream, lilac, maltese (light blue in shade with white underneath), blue (called Cream in Europe; light maltese color with black or pink eyes that came from the yellow rats), chocolate, Hooded/Broken marked {although in the points section it has Hooded and Broken separate), with pink, ruby, and black eyes; tells of rats being imported in 1898 by Dr. E. B. Southwick; yellow rats were caught on a steamer with the male being a deep orange color with rich crimson eyes [Silver Fawn?] and the yellow females had black eyes [Fawn?]; includes rat standards with classes based on eye color. This is an archived online version available in various formats.

U.S.A. Newspaper Articles

National Pet Stock Association of America (NPSAA) - founded January 10, 1910–1917 Chicago, Illinois/National Breeders and Fanciers Association of America (NBFAA) 1917–1925/ ARBA 1917 to present times


1910 - National Pet Stock Association of America (NPSAA), Chicago, Illinois.
NPSAA founded 1910, name changed to National Breeders and Fanciers Association of America (NBFAA) in 1917, then in 1925 became the current American Rabbit Breeders Association (ARBA). While it was the NPSAA and the NBFAA, they included mice and rats among other small animals.

1915 - National Pet Stock Association of America (NPSAA) Standard of Perfection book
National Pet Stock of Association of America (NPSAA) Standard of Perfection book 1915 “Standard of Perfection for Rabbits, Cavies, Mice, Rats & Skunks by the National Pet Stock Association of America. Founded as the NPSAA in 1910, then name changed in 1917 to NBFAA, then became the ARBA 1925. Has Standards of Perfection points for mice and rats.



1919 - Food & Fur Breeders of America book
Food & Fur Breeders of America Food & Fur Breeders of America; Rabbits, Cavies, Foxes, Skunk, Mice, Rats 1919. Food & Fur Directory, Co., Fort Worth, TX. Has a short chapter “Rats and Mice For Pleasure and Profit” by H. C. Brown (Pres. of Brown Pet Stock Co., Emporia, KS). Also has an “Associations” section telling about the National Breeders & Fanciers Association (previously known as the National Pet Stock Association; presently known as the American Rabbit Breeders Association). This is an archived online version available in various formats.


1920 - National Breeders and Fanciers Association of America (NBFAA) Standard of Perfection book
National Breeders and Fanciers Association of America (NBFAA) Standard of Perfection book “Standard of Perfection for Rabbits, Cavies, Mice, Rats, Skin and Fur Bearing Animals of the The National Breeders and Fanciers Association of America.” Has Standards of Perfection points for mice and rats. NBFAA (was NPSAA 1910, name changed to NBFAA 1917, then became ARBA 1925).



1921 A Glance Back in Time: Wealth in Rats and Mice
Wealth in Rats and Mice Published The Laboratory Supply Company, Philadelphia, PA, Established since 1912. Written by a member of the National Breeders’ and Fanciers’ Association of America, Inc.



U.S.A. Newspaper Articles: National Pet Stock Association (NPSA)

  • February 20, 1898 Raising Mice For Pets (NMC, formation of National Pet Stock Association and Mouse Club), The New York Times, New York, New York
  • February 17, 1899 Will Surpass All (poultry and pet stock show to include mice), Kansas City Journal, Kansas City, Missouri
  • October 19, 1915 Authority On Pet Stock Is Coming Here (NPSA secretary to visit local branch, examine and classify all kinds of stock [Evals], Lawrence county association members raise white and spotted rats and mice), New Castle Herald, New Castle, Pennsylvania
  • April 18, 1916 Fur Fanciers’ Show (4th column; mice and rats to be exhibited in Indiana show), The Indianapolis News, Indianapolis, Indiana
  • April 20, 1916 Fine Rabbit Display At Fur Fanciers’ Show (same event as mentioned in The Indianapolis News, April 18, 1916; no mention of rodents; talks about rabbit breeds), The Indianapolis News, Indianapolis, Indiana
  • October 23, 1916 Pet Stock Fanciers Organize (3rd column; Topeka breeders form group, includes rats and mice, to be charter/member of NPSA), The Topeka Daily Capital, Topeka, Kansas
  • February 18, 1917 Organizing Pet Stock Clubs (bottom 2nd column; organizing pet stock clubs in the west, white rats, mice, affiliate with NPSA), The Atlanta Constitution, Atlanta, Georgia
  • November 22, 1917 Pet Stock Men To Have Big Show In December (last column; show in December in Topeka to include rats and mice, NPSA judge), The Topeka Daily Capital, Topeka, Kansas
  • September 18, 1919 Pet Stock Interesting (no specific group mentioned, just that there would be exhibits of mice and rats at the pet stock show at the State Fair), The Hutchinson News, Hutchinson, Kansas

U.S.A. Newspaper Articles: National Breeders & Fanciers Association of America (NBFAA)

  • December 21, 1918 Raise White Mice (6th column; ad with drawing for Bulette Pet Stock Farm in Los Angeles, members of National Breeders & Fanciers Association of America - NBFAA), Santa Ana Register, Santa Ana, California
  • July 22, 1919 Pet Stock At The Fair (cash prizes for displays of white mice and rats), The Hutchinson News, Hutchinson, Kansas
  • September 5, 1919 Mice In Nine Shades (bottom 3rd column; more than 200 mice of nine different colors entered for exhibit of NBFA), The Topeka Daily Capital, Topeka, Kansas
  • July 30, 1920 Sires To Aid Fur Bearers (5th column; Better Sires–Better Stock, mice), Brevard News, Brevard, North Carolina (same article also in San Francisco Chronicle, San Francisco, California, May 2, 1920; Casa Grande Dispatch, Casa Grande, Arizona, July 31, 1920; Manitowoc Herald-Times, Manitowoc, Wisconsin, August 27, 1920; The Graphic, Nashville, North Carolina, May 26, 1921)

American Mouse Fancier’s Club (AMFC) - founded 1936


1936–1939? or later? - American Mouse Fancier’s Club (AMFC), New York.
This group got a lot of newspaper coverage for their shows in 1937 and 1938 that were held with the different cat clubs. It is the only club that had photos of their shows in the newspapers/magazines that I have found. Rev. Ferrier suggested forming an American Mouse and Rat Club in the Dec. 1935 All-Pets magazine. A club was then founded—the American Mouse Fancier’s Club (AMFC).

1935 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets Dec. 1935 Dec. 1935, Vol. 8, Number 7, Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. Includes a section “Small Animals” with articles “The Future of the Mouse Fancy by R. W. Ferrier; Tumors in Mice by S. P. Holman, Fla.”

1937 News-Week
News-Week Jan. 23, 1937 Jan. 23, 1937. Includes an article “Mouse Show: A Minister’s Pet Rodent Wins Silver Cup” about the American Mouse Fancier’s Club and their first show in Boston, Massachusetts.



1937 Life
Life Dec. 13, 1937 Dec. 13, 1937, Time Inc. Includes an article with photos “Mice are Exhibited at Manhattan Cat Show” about the American Mouse Fancier’s Club.



1938 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets Feb. 1938 Feb. 1938, Vol. 9, number 9, Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. Includes a section “Fancy Mice” with articles “Mouse Musings by Robert H. Brown; A.M.F.C. Notes; The Real Fancy Mouse by R. W. Ferrier.”



1939 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets Magazine Feb. 1939 Feb. 1939, Vol. 10, number 9, Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. Includes a section “Fancy Mice” with articles “The Future of the Mouse Fancy by R. W. Ferrier; Breeding White Mice; and American Mouse Fanciers Club by Rev. R. W. Ferrier.”



1939 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets Dec. 1939 Dec. 1939, Vol. 11, Number 7, Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. Includes a section “Fancy Mice” with articles “Varieties and Standards by Martin Hartman, New City, N.Y. (part 1); Wants Activity; Mouse Musings.”



Web Sites

1937 Cat Fancy Beginnings in America (combined cat clubs and AMFC show, 75 entries of mice and rats), on the Cat Fanciers’ Association Foundation web site


U.S.A. Newspaper Articles: American Mouse Fancier’s Club

American Mouse and Rat Fanciers’ Association (AMRFA) - founded 1941


1941 - American Mouse and Rat Fanciers’ Association (AMRFA), East Coast and Midwest.
This is a new club I hadn’t heard of before that was mentioned in the Dec. 1940 issue, then was official in the Jan. 1941 issue of All-Pets magazines. They had officers in several states on the East Coast and Midwest areas and were going to hold shows with the rabbit/cavy and poultry/pigeon shows, but I don’t know if they ever had a show or how long they lasted.

1940 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets Dec. 1940 Dec. 1940, Vol. 12, Number 7, Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section Fancy Mice, has articles “American Mouse & Rat Fanciers’ Association; Care and Feeding Fancy Mice.”

1941 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets Jan. 1941 Jan. 1941, Vol. 12, Number 8, Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. In the section Fancy Mice, it has articles “The American Mouse & Rat Fanciers’ Association; Foods and Cages for White Mice and Rats from the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture”; and a drawing of The Dutch Mouse.

1941 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets Feb. 1941 Feb. 1941, Vol. 12, Number 9, Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section Fancy Mice, has articles “Functions of a Mouse Club by C. Frank Fayne, Shaker Heights, Ohio; The American Mouse & Rat Fanciers’ Association, News–Notes,” and photo of a Black-eyed White Self Mouse.

1941 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets April 1941 April 1941, Vol. 12, Number 11, Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section Fancy Mice, has articles “Selection for Size by C. Frank Fayne; The American Mouse & Rat Fanciers’ Association, Official News–Notes.”



1941 All-Pets Magazine,
All-Pets May 1941 May 1941, Vol. 12, Number 12, Hobbies Inc., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. In the section Fancy Mice, has articles “Selection For Size by C. Frank Fayne, Shaker Heights, Ohio; The Future of Mice by D. G. Laughton,” as well as other articles “Deer Mice; Over 335 Varieties.”



1941 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets June 1941 June 1941, Vol. 13, Number 1, Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section Fancy Mice, has articles “Selection for Size by C. Frank Fayne, Shaker Heights, Ohio; The American Mouse & Rat Fanciers’ Association.”

No Clubs during this time, 1945

1945 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets April 1945 April 1945, Vol. 16, No. 11, Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. In the section Odd Pets, has an article “Why Not A Mouse Club?” by D. E. Nelson.

American Mouse Club (AMC), California - founded 1959


1959–1960s - American Mouse Club (AMC), California.
This was Richard Pfarr’s group: see the book Modern American Mouse. This was not the same American Mouse Club that was in New York in 1898. This group was founded in California and according the the book, followed the N.M.C. in their standards and used show boxes like theirs. These show boxes were then donated to the Southern California mouse fanciers in 1975 that then went on to form the Mouse and Rat Breeders Association (see below).

1959 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets June 1959 June 1959, Vol. 30, number 6, Fond du Lac, WI. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. Includes an article “Mouse Club Formed in California” about the formation of the American Mouse Club with Richard Pfarr as the Secretary (wrote Modern American Mouse).

1960 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets Sept. 1960 Sept. 1960, Vol. 31, number 9, Fond du Lac, WI. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. Includes an article “Fancy Mice: a one ounce tale of success” by Robert J. Wyndham that mentions the American Mouse Club (Pfarr’s group).

Modern American Mouse
Modern American Mouse By Richard Pfarr. 1962. All-Pets Books, Inc., WI. ASIN B0007FFCUQ, B0013RHEVM. Has old American Mouse Club standards.



U.S.A. Newspaper Articles 1962, 1968

Mouse & Rat Breeders Association (MRBA), California - founded 1978


MRBA logoDecember 9, 1978, to mid 1990s - Mouse & Rat Breeders Association (MRBA), California.
This was a local Southern California group that began in 1975 as the Southern California Mouse and Hamster Breeders. Their first show was held January 4, 1976, in Pomona, California. The first show that included rats along with the mice and hamsters was held April 25, 1976, in Ventura, California. After a couple years the hamsters were dropped. It wasn’t until 1978 that an official group was then formed.

Richard Pfarr judging mice at the MRBA Jan. 4, 1981 show
Richard Pfarr judging mice at the MRBA Jan. 4, 1981, show in Pomona, CA, with Jim Touchette and Mr. Pfarr’s grandson looking on. Photo by Debbie Hauser.
Richard Pfarr with the BIS mouse at the MRBA Jan. 4, 1981 show
The MRBA Jan. 4, 1981, show in Pomona, CA, with Richard Pfarr showing off the P.E. White Self Standard mouse BQA-3 that was Best Self, Best Standard, and BIS, owned by Linda Huscher. Photo by Debbie Hauser.

Northeast Rat & Mouse Club, Int’l (NRMCI) - founded 1988


NRMCI logoDecember 1988 to early 2000s - Northeast Rat & Mouse Club, Int’l (NRMCI), East Coast.
The Northeast Rat & Mouse Club, Int’l (NRMCI) was founded by Liz Fucci (AFRMA member) and Gina Loiacono. Read article. Published Journal of the NRMCI.



The NRMCI had several chapters

  • Little Mouse Club (LMC) - 1999 to 2005 (started out a chapter of the NRMCI, then went on own in 1999). This was run by longtime AFRMA member and mouse fancier, Wanda Wilson. Unfortunately with her death in 2005, was also the death of the club. The Little Mouse Club also had a Junior Member Chapter (JMC) for kids
  • New York Chapter
  • Mid-Atlantic Chapter

U.S.A. Newspaper Articles

Miscellaneous Articles/Books

1775 Yoso-tama-no-kakehashi
Yoso-tama-no-kakehashi 1775 Yoso-tama-no-kakehashi was written in 1775 and was in 2 volumes: volume 1, volume 2 (on the National Diet Library web site). Article about these books Yoso-tama-no-kakehashi; the first Japanese guidebook on raising rats by Takashi Kuramoto, was published in Experimental Animals, Vol. 60 (2011) No. 1 P 1-6.



1787 Chingansodategusa
Chingansodategusa 1787 Written by Chôbei Zeniya (on the National Diet Library web site). Article telling about this book An Eighteenth Century Japanese Guide-book on Mouse-Breeding by Mitosi Tokuda, was published in Journal of Heredity, Vol. 26, Issue 12, Pp. 481-484, Dec. 1935.

???? Home Pets
Home Pets Rats and Mice Date unknown (very old), Rats and Mice in the book Home Pets.



???? Pet Rabbits, Cavies, and Mice
Pet Rabbits, Cavies, and Mice Date unknown—a very old book, by George Gardner. F. Carl, London. This is an archived online version available in various formats.



1896 Fancy Mice
Fancy Mice Blake 1896 Fourth Edition, 1896, by An Old Fancier [Dr. Charles Carter Blake]. L. Upcott Gill, London/Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York. An archived online version to view in various formats is available.



1912 Fancy Mice
Fancy Mice Davies 1912 Fifth Edition, 1912, by C.J. Davies. L. Upcott Gill, London. An archived online version to view in various formats is available Fancy Mice, Their Varieties and Management as Pets or for Show.



1919 A Glance Back in Time: Outdoor Enterprises and Domestic Pets
Outdoor Enterprises and Domestic Pets 1919 June 1919, Vol. 3, number 10, Kansas City, MO. An American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine. Includes a section “Rat and Mouse Department” and this one was on the housing of mice.



1921 A Glance Back in Time: Wealth in Rats and Mice
Wealth in Rats and Mice 1921 Published The Laboratory Supply Company, Philadelphia, PA, Established since 1912. Written by a member of the National Breeders’ and Fanciers’ Association of America, Inc.



1932 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather, February 5, 1932 Fur & Feather February 5, 1932, A London Rattery by J. Wilton-Steer.



1935 Colour Inheritance in Fancy Mice
Colour Inheritance in Fancy Mice 1935 By W. Mackintosh Kerr, M.B., Ch.B. Watmoughs Limited, Idle, Bradford, and London. A very good, really old fancier’s book.



1935 Article An Eighteenth Century Japanese Guide-book on Mouse-Breeding
Eighteenth Century Japanese Guide-book 1935 Dec. 1935, An Eighteenth Century Japanese Guide-book on Mouse-Breeding by Mitosi Tokuda, published in Journal of Heredity, Vol. 26, Issue 12, Pp. 481–484. The book Chingansodategusa was written in 1787 by Chôbei Zeniya (on the National Diet Library web site).



1935 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets Dec. 1935 Dec. 1935, Vol. 8, Number 7, Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. Includes a section “Small Animals” with articles “The Future of the Mouse Fancy by R. W. Ferrier; Tumors in Mice by S. P. Holman, Fla.”

1936 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets September 1936 Sept. 1936. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. Article In Recommendation of White Rats by Joya Dickman.



1938 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets Feb. 1938 Feb. 1938, Vol. 9, number 9, Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. Includes a section “Fancy Mice” with articles “Mouse Musings by Robert H. Brown; A.M.F.C. Notes; The Real Fancy Mouse by R. W. Ferrier.”



1939 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets Magazine Feb. 1939 Feb. 1939, Vol. 10, number 9, Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. Includes a section “Fancy Mice” with articles “The Future of the Mouse Fancy by R. W. Ferrier; Breeding White Mice; and American Mouse Fanciers Club by Rev. R. W. Ferrier.”



1939 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets Dec. 1939 Dec. 1939, Vol. 11, Number 7, Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. Includes a section “Fancy Mice” with articles “Varieties and Standards by Martin Hartman, New City, N.Y. (part 1); Wants Activity; Mouse Musings.”



1940 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets March 1940 March 1940, Vol. 11, Number 10, Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. Includes a section “Fancy Mice” with an article “Wild Mice and Rats” by Martin Hartman, New City, NY. (about exotic pet species), and a big ad from Dr. Salsbury’s Mousery in Charles City, Iowa, with Imported Prize-Winning English Strains.



1940 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets April 1940 April 1940, Vol. 11, Number 11, Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. Includes a section “Fancy Mice” with articles “Shipping Mice - Rats by M. Hartman, New City, N.Y. (part 1); Red Mice by R.W.F.”



1940 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets June 1940 June 1940, Vol. 12, Number 1, Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. Includes a section “Fancy Mice” with articles “Why Mice and Rats? by Martin Hartman; Use Shepherd’s Purse; Use of Foster Does.”



1940 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets July 1940 July 1940, Vol. 12, Number 2, Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. Includes a section “Fancy Mice” with articles “House Mouse Plus White Mouse by F.E.H., Kennebunk, Maine; Aggressive Hamsters; Greenfoods for Mice.”



1940 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets Sept. 1940 Sept. 1940, Vol. 12, Number 4, Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section Fancy Mice, has articles Starting Out In Fancy Mice; ‘Panda’ Colored Mice.



1940 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets Oct. 1940 Oct. 1940, Vol. 12, Number 5, Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section Fancy Mice, has articles “Fancy Mice Varieties; White Mice Breeding.”



1940 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets Dec. 1940 Dec. 1940, Vol. 12, Number 7, Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section Fancy Mice, has articles “American Mouse & Rat Fanciers’ Association; Care and Feeding Fancy Mice.”

1941 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets Jan. 1941 Jan. 1941, Vol. 12, Number 8, Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. In the section Fancy Mice, it has articles “The American Mouse & Rat Fanciers’ Association; Foods and Cages for White Mice and Rats from the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture”; and a drawing of The Dutch Mouse.

1941 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets Feb. 1941 Feb. 1941, Vol. 12, Number 9, Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section Fancy Mice, has articles “Functions of a Mouse Club by C. Frank Fayne, Shaker Heights, Ohio; The American Mouse & Rat Fanciers’ Association, News–Notes,” and photo of a Black-eyed White Self Mouse.

1941 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets March 1941 March 1941, Vol. 12, Number 10, Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section Fancy Mice, has article “Show Mouse Requisites” by C. Frank Fayne



1941 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets April 1941 April 1941, Vol. 12, Number 11, Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section Fancy Mice, has articles “Selection for Size by C. Frank Fayne; The American Mouse & Rat Fanciers’ Association, Official News–Notes.”



1941 All-Pets Magazine,
All-Pets May 1941 May 1941, Vol. 12, Number 12, Hobbies Inc., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. In the section Fancy Mice, has articles “Selection For Size by C. Frank Fayne, Shaker Heights, Ohio; The Future of Mice by D. G. Laughton,” as well as other articles “Deer Mice; Over 335 Varieties.”



1941 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets June 1941 June 1941, Vol. 13, Number 1, Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section Fancy Mice, has articles “Selection for Size by C. Frank Fayne, Shaker Heights, Ohio; The American Mouse & Rat Fanciers’ Association.”



1941 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets July 1941 July 1941, Vol. 13, Number 2, Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section Fancy Mice has article “Handling Mice” by C. Frank Fayne, Shaker Heights, Ohio.



1941 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets August 1941 August 1941, Vol. 13, Number 3, The Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section Fancy Mice has an article “A Practical Rat Breeding Cage” by Samuel M. Poiley, Assistant Technologist.



1941 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets September 1941 September 1941, Vol. 13, Number 4, The Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section Fancy Mice has articles “New York Mouse Fancier Finds His Mice Profitable” (which includes information on the new Syrian hamsters) and “Mouse Breeding Hints” (about marked mice and inbreeding).



1941 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets October 1941 October 1941, Vol. 13, Number 5, Hobbies Inc., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section Fancy Mice has articles “Breed Fancy Mice With Care; Pet Mice Are Varied; Cages For Mice.”



1941 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets November 1941 November 1941, Vol. 13, Number 6, Hobbies Inc., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section Fancy Mice has articles “Shipping Hints; Fancy Mouse Origin; Hooded Rats; Agouti Mice; Color Breeding.”



1941 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets December 1941 December 1941, Vol. 13, Number 7, Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section Fancy Mice has article “Selecting Fancy Mice (part 1).”



1943 All-Pets Magazine
August 1943. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. With article Raising Fancy Mice: An Inexpensive Hobby by W. L. Cotta.

1944 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets July 1944 July 1944, Vol. 16, No. 2, Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section Odd Pets has an article “Fancy Show Cage for Mice Easily Built.”



1944 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets Dec. 1944 Dec. 1944, Vol. 16, No. 7, Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section Odd Pets has an article “Number in Litter Not Determinant of Size.”



1945 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets March 1945 March 1945, Vol. 16, No. 10, Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section Rabbits, Cavies, Hamsters has articles “The Golden Hamster by Donald H. DeMeules; Successful Hamster Raising by Al Hayner”; plus ads for mice and rats.



1945 All-Pets Magazine - No Clubs during this time, 1945
All-Pets April 1945 April 1945, Vol. 16, No. 11, Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. In the section Odd Pets, has an article “Why Not A Mouse Club?” by D. E. Nelson.



1945 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets May 1945 May 1945, Vol. 16, No. 12, Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section Odd Pets has an article “Mouse Cleans its Fur By Chewing Tobacco.”



1945 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets June 1945 June 1945, Vol. 16, No. 13, Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section Odd Pets has an article “A Mouse Club Is Needed” by Floyd M. Shuck.



1945 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets Sept. 1945 Sept. 1945, Vol. 16, No. 16, Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section Odd Pets has an article “Outcrossing Mice.”



1946 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets Feb. 1946 February 1946, Vol. 17, No. 2, Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section Odd Pets has an article “Breeding Mice Outdoors” by H. Dempsey.



1946 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets May 1946 May 1946, Vol. 17, No. 5, Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section Odd Pets has an article “Raising Rats and Mice” by Jack Morrison.



1946 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets June 1946 June 1946, Vol. 17, No. 6, Lightner Publishing Co., Chicago, IL. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section Odd Pets has an article “Mouse Pedigree System.”



1946 All-Pets Magazine
Sept. 1946. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section Odd Pets has an article “Breeding Mice the Westminster Way” by D. E. Nelson.

1947 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets Jan. 1947 January 1947, Vol. 18, No. 1, Kalamazoo, MI. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section All-Pets Department has an article “Fostering Mice.”



1947 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets May 1947 May 1947, Vol. 18, No. 5, Kalamazoo, MI. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section All-Pets Department has an article “Color Breeding.”



1949 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets Jan. 1949 January 1949, Vol. 20, No. 1, All-Pets Magazine, Fond du Lac, WI. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section All-Pets Department has an article “Native Wild Mice” by John F. Breen.



1949 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets June 1949 June 1949, Vol. 20, No. 6, Fond du Lac, WI. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section All-Pets Department has an article “The Fancy Mouse” by P. M. Soderberg.



1949 Raising Laboratory Mice and Rats
Raising Mice and Rats for Laboratory Use 1949 “Raising Laboratory Mice and Rats” Leaflet No. 253 by the U.S. Department of Agriculture.



1951 All-Pets Magazine,
All-Pets May 1951 May 1951, Vol. 22, No. 5, Fond du Lac, WI. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section All-Pets Department has an article “The Fancy Mouse, Sixth in a Series” by A. C. Jude [probably supposed to be Seventh of a Series]; also has article “African Rats” by Science Service.



1951 All-Pets Magazine,
All-Pets June 1951 June 1951, Vol. 22, No. 6, Fond du Lac, WI. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. The section Pet Shop has an article “Pet Store Mice” by Irvin W. Dietrich.



1959 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets May 1959 May 1959, Vol. 30, number 5, Fond du Lac, WI. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. Includes an article “Mice as Pets” by Malcolm Davis.



1959 Mice for the Hobbyist, Exhibitor & Scientist: A Practical Guide to their Breeding, General Management & Exhibiting.
Mice for the Hobbyist, Exhibitor & Scientist 1959 Sixth Edition (revised) by J. Wood. Fur and Feather, Watmoughs Limited, Idle, Bradford. A really old fancier’s book. Has a chapter on rats.



1960 More Mousey Matters: A Manual of Mousekeeping
More Mousey Matters 1960 Second Edition, by R. Pitt Francis. W.T. Maddock & Co., Printers, Ferndale, Wales, U.K. Includes a chapter on rats, directions on making two kinds of mouse wheels, tells of 7 shades of brown mice, and a mouse show is one of the delights of a lifetime.



1960 All-Pets Magazine
All-Pets Sept. 1960 Sept. 1960, Vol. 31, number 9, Fond du Lac, WI. Another American version of England’s Fur and Feather magazine at the time. Includes an article “Fancy Mice: a one ounce tale of success” by Robert J. Wyndham that mentions the American Mouse Club (Pfarr’s group).



1961 Mice and Rats
Mice and Rats 1961 By Jean E. Cook. Iliffe Books, Ltd., London. A really old basic booklet.



1961 Raising Mice and Rats for Laboratory Use
Raising Mice and Rats for Laboratory Use 1961 “Raising Mice and Rats for Laboratory Use” Leaflet No. 483 by the United States Department of Agriculture.



1971 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather January 28, 1971 January 28, 1971, Vol. 134, No. 4194, Idle, Bradford, Yorkshire. THE EXHIBITION MOUSE: He Wants To Help To Save The ‘Aristocrats Of The Fancy’ (breeding Sable, clear fish tanks for cages); Get busy on the Tricolour-quickly (photo of a Tricolor, Himalayans are not marked); Are plastic wash bowls successful? (use as cages); Get rats to the shows (club was to be started, LSCMC holds classes for rats, breeders need to show their rats); Standard for the Mongolian Gerbil; drawing of mouse on stack of genetics books; Calder Valley Suggests Reduced Fees For Early Entries (day-of-show entries to cost more); One Of The Most Graceful Of Existing Quadrupeds by Eric Jukes (continuation of series on history of the rat, The clubs, Housing, Cleaning, Feeding, Grooming, Breeding; photo of 13-day-old rat babies). New!


1978 Fur & Feather
Unstandardized Varieties Fur & Feather June 1, 1978, Unstandardized Varieties by Ann Storey.



1980 Fur & Feather
Fur & Feather, March 20, 1980 Fur & Feather March 20, 1980, Fancy Rats As A Hobby by Helen Dagg.



1987 Unknown publication
Rats are a Girl's Best Friend 1987 They May Not Be Forever, But Rats are a Girl’s Best Friend by Jacquie Phelan.



2011 Article Yoso-tama-no-kakehashi; the first Japanese guidebook on raising rats
Eighteenth Century Japanese Guide-book Rat 2011 Yoso-tama-no-kakehashi; the first Japanese guidebook on raising rats. article by Takashi Kuramoto, published in Experimental Animals, Vol. 60 (2011) No. 1 P 1–6. The book Yoso-tama-no-kakehashi was written in 1775 and was in 2 volumes (volume 1, volume 2, on the National Diet Library web site).



Web Sites


U.S.A. Newspaper Articles


Some Other Clubs That Have Come and Gone in the U.S.A.

1984–mid 2000s
RMHF logo
Rat, Mouse, and Hamster Fanciers (RMHF), San Francisco Bay area, held several shows a year; several AFRMA members attended their shows in 1995, 1996 (Travels with Squeaky: An AFRMA Road Trip, Nov.-Dec. 1996 AFRMA Newsletter), and 1997 (Travels with Sunny: AFRMA Road Trip 1997, Winter 1998 AFRMA Newsletter). Published a newsletter.
1990–2001?
ARMHS logo
American Rat, Mouse, Hamster Society of San Diego (ARMHS), California. This group had several shows at the Del Mar Fair. Published Rodent Tales.
1998–2004?
RAT Logo
RAT Logo
Rat Association of Texas (RAT), held shows in the Dallas/Fort Worth area
1999–2005Rat Association of Southwest Missouri (RASM), not a membership club, promoted rats
2000
AFRMA of South Texas logo
AFRMA of South Texas, Corpus Christi; was a chapter of AFRMA, had one show March 25, 2000
2000–2004
RMFE logo
Rat & Mouse Fanciers for Excellence (RMFE), Midwest (IL), held shows in the Midwest, published Rat and Mouse Fancy Report newsletter
2000–2004?
RLA logo
Rat Lover’s Association of Southern California (RLA), did educational displays
2001–2002
PRHS logo
Pioneer Rat & Hamster Society (PRHS), Kansas; was a chapter of AFRMA
2002–2007
MRE logo
Midwest Rat Enthusiasts (MRE), originally own club but in 2003 affiliated with Rat Society of America (RSA)
2003–2007
RSA logo
Rat Society of America (RSA), was to a be parent organization for rat clubs in North America, not a membership club but provided standards, requirements related to classes (for titles) and quarantine practices, as well as RSA-approved/trained judges for affiliated clubs
2003–2008
NIRO logo
Northern Illinois Rat Organization (NIRO), Chicago, Illinois, affiliated with Rat Society of America (RSA)
2004–2009?
SMRF logo
Society of Michigan Rat Fanciers (SMRF), affiliated with Rat Society of America (RSA)
2004–2009
MFRS logo
Michigan Fancy Rat Association (MFRA) (currently an online resource page only that educates the public on rats as pets)
2004?–2015
GLFRA logo
Great Lakes Fancy Rat Association (GLFRA), Michigan-based social club, put on displays at local pet expos; club dissolved with death of Robin MacDonald
See the YouTube video of the West Michigan Pet Expo in 2011 featuring Robin MacDonald, President of the GLFRA.
2005–2015
RFL logo
Rat Fanciers of the Lakes (RFL), Michigan, club dissolved in 2015 with death of Robin MacDonald; was affiliated with RSA, NIRO, then American Rat Club (ARC) in Chicago, Illinois
2006?Rodent Fanciers of America, changed to Rodent League of America (RLOA), San Diego, CA, founded by Cindy Maresic of Fuzzy Misfits Rattery, never got started from what I could tell
2006–2008?
CARE logo
California Association of Rat Enthusiasts (CARE), held a couple shows in Pasadena, California
2006–2008
MMC logo
Midwest Mouse Club (MMC), had four shows in Illinois and Indiana
2007?Eastern Rat Association (ERA), couldn’t find any info other than a comment on a forum
2007–2008
RMFRA logo
Rocky Mountain Fancy Rat Association (RMFRA), promoting rats as pets in Colorado, Texas, New Mexico, Wyoming, Idaho, Arizona, Montana, Utah, and Nevada; was an affiliate of RSA
2007–2010?
ECMA logo
East Coast Mouse Association (ECMA), Tennessee and Kentucky, had several shows on the East Coast
2007–2010
SEFMA logo
Southeast Fancy Mouse Association (SEFMA), became chapter of Fancy Mouse Association
2008Colorado Rat Breeders Organization (CRBO), group promoting ethical breeders in Colorado, also to help people looking for rats
2008–2013
The Rodent Club logo
The Rodent Club - an East Coast informal group in Cecil County, MD, of small pet enthusiasts. Hosted RodentFests with shows 1–2 times a year in Leesport, PA.
2009–2011?
FMA Logo
Fancy Mouse Association (FMA), became parent club for Southeast Fancy Mouse Association (SEFMA) and Mid-Atlantic Mouse Association (MAMA)
2009Mid-Atlantic Mouse Association (MAMA), was a chapter of the Fancy Mouse Association; resurrected as own group in 2015
2012
WIRMC Logo
Western Illinois Rat & Mouse Club (WIRMC) - was to be a fancy club, never got off the ground
2012–October 8, 2016
ARC Logo
American Rat club (ARC) - an Illinois rat club with shows in Michigan at RFL show location, one in Indiana; was affiliated with RFL until that club was dissolved in 2015
2014–2015
NWMC Logo
North West Mouse Club (NWMC) - a fancy mouse club for Pacific Northwest mouse fanciers (Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and lower British Columbia); never had a show

See also the article on Helen Perley (had the White Animal Farm in Maine–established in 1934, died in 1994 at age 90).

Submissions of articles, info, books, magazines, defunct clubs name/date, etc., pertaining to the history of the rat/mouse fancy always welcome. Send to editor@afrma.org.


Updated April 19, 2017