American Fancy Rat & Mouse Association

This article is from the Summer I 1998 AFRMA Rat & Mouse Tales news-magazine.

Colors & Coats

Chinchilla Rats; Chinchilla Mice; Possible Colors (Blue Agouti rats)
Chinchilla Rats

Q What colors would you suggest I breed to get Chinchilla rats?

A Chinchilla rats are relatively uncommon. Not many breeders have them, and it is hard to produce one with good color.

A chinchilla rat is essentially an Agouti with all the brown diluted out of their coat. They have the same ticked look, but their coat is gray, white, and black instead of slate, brown, and black. A great many Chinchilla rats are really nice blaze Berkshires.

Chinchilla Rat
A nice Blaze Berkshire typical of Chinchilla rats.

Chinchilla Rat
The original Chinchilla male “Foxy” we bought from a pet shop in Riverside, CA, Sept. 27, 1986. They were originally standardized as Silver Agouti on March 18, 1989, and the name was changed to Chinchilla in 1996.

Due to their scarcity and the limited number of people breeding Chinchilla rats, not much is known about their genetics. We do know however that this is not a color you can “create” by breeding together other colors. The best (and often only) way to get one is to buy from a breeder. Nichole Royer

Chinchilla Mice

Q How can I create a chinchilla mouse?

A Chinchilla mice (unlike Chinchilla rats) are relatively easy to create. Like the rats, Chinchilla mice are simply Agoutis who have all the brown color diluted out of their coats.

Chinchilla Mouse

In order to create one, you need two things, an Agouti mouse and a Fox mouse of any color other than Beige. The chinchilla gene is what caused the orange belly color of Tan mice to turn white (thus Chinchilla is responsible for creating all our Fox mice except the Beige Foxes).

Breed the Fox mouse and the Agouti mouse together. Keep an Agouti baby and breed it back to its Fox parent. You should get some Chinchillas in the litter.

Possible Colors

Q I have a Blue rat in with an Agouti Hooded Rex female and hopefully they will breed. What are the possible colors from this breeding? Will I get Blue Agouti in the litter?

A Your Blue rat, bred to Agouti, will most likely produce a litter of Agoutis and possibly some Blacks. The only way you will get Blue Agouti in this litter is if your Agouti has blue in her background. About half of the babies should be Rex.

If you want to make Blue Agouti, it will be fairly simple. You can either breed one of your Agouti babies back to its Blue dad, or breed two of the Agouti babies together. This should give you a few Blue Agouti babies.

If you would like to produce Rex Blue Agoutis, this is also very simple. If you breed a Rex to anything, you will get some Rex babies in the litter. All you will need to do is choose a Rex baby to breed back to the Blue father, or one Rex and one Standard baby to breed together.

Keep in mind, it is never a good idea to breed two Rex rats together. If you do, a portion of the litter will have patchy, thin hair and some will look almost hairless. Though they make nice pets, many people are put off by their looks. Nichole Royer *

Updated October 21, 2016